According to the Florida Department of Health, Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Program, brain injury is defined as an insult to the skull, brain or its covering, resulting from external trauma which produces an altered state of consciousness or anatomic, motor, sensory, cognitive, or behavioral deficit.
Every year, approximately 52,000 deaths occur from traumatic brain injuries. The leading causes of TBI are falls, motor vehicle crashes, safety rule violations in industrial sites, product defects and assaults.
At Culmo Trial Attorneys, we have decades of experience investigating and proving traumatic brain injury claims. If you, a loved one, or someone you know has been injured due to traumatic brain injury, contact our firm by phone or by filling out a case review form.
Types of TBI
The effects of traumatic brain injury vary depending on the type and severity of injury to the brain. There are two main types of TBI resulting from head damage: closed head brain injury and open head injury (penetrating).
Sometimes brain injuries are sustained prior to birth or during the birthing process. These injuries, known as congenital brain injuries do not involve blunt trauma and therefore are not considered “traumatic” brain injuries. Nevertheless, some birth injuries can cause permanent brain damage.
Closed Head Injuries
Closed head injuries occur when victims hit their head on an object, such as a dashboard or windshield, with extreme force. The impact can cause damage to the area of the brain that absorbs this force (focal trauma) as well as other areas (diffuse brain injuries) sometimes resulting in a skull concussion. Diffuse brain injuries often cause communication difficulties, because the areas of the brain most susceptible to damage due to movement are those that affect communication.
In addition to communication problems, closed head injuries can also lead to problems with:
- Cognitive (thinking) ability
Open Head (Penetrating) Brain Injuries
Open head injuries occur when something, such as a bullet, pierces the skull. This type of traumatic brain injury damages the area of the brain near the point of penetration; it is less likely to cause damage to other parts of the brain (diffuse injuries). Open head injuries often lead to infection when bone fragments, dirt or other foreign objects are trapped inside the skull.
Traumatic Brain Injury: http://www.cdc.gov/traumaticbraininjury/pdf/blue_book.pdf
At Culmo Trial Attorneys, we have decades of experience investigating and proving traumatic brain injury claims. If you, a loved one, or someone you know has been injured due to traumatic brain injury, please contact our firm or fill out a free case evaluation.
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